In eastern Himalayas
, it is a
small hilly state in Himalayas, extending 114km from north to south and 64km
from east to west.
Time to Visit :
Mid March and June are best to visit Sikkim. With
blooming orchids and rhododendrons look picturesque in the months of April
There are three climatic zones in Sikkim: tropical,
temperature and alpine zones. The climate remains cold and humid throughout
the year for it keeps raining most of the times in the year. Since the place
shares proximity with Bay of Bengal, apart from Northern region, there are
heavy rains round the year. Pre-monsson starts with April-May and reaches at
peak during May and October.
Known For :
Sikkim was once an independent Kingdom but now is one of the states in
Indian Union. Sikkim stands out in Himalayas as a neck of a dragon.
Different people have given different names to this place. Nepalese call it
Sukhim or New Home while Tibetans have named it as Denzong
or Valley of Rice. There are Leppchas as well who are actual
inhabitants of Sikkim and they call their mother land as Nye-Mal-Ale
or Heaven. The state of Sikkim is located in the inner regions
of Himalayas and has no open valleys or plains but has varied elevations
ranging from 300 to 8583 m above the sea level.
Sikkim offers innumerable adventure sporting options to its visitors. For
those of you who wish to make an adventurous voyage, Sikkim will never
disappoint you. From trekking, hiking and river rafting, Sikkim ha sit all
for you. The mountain slopes of the Eastern Himalayas are breathtaking and
the whole aura will enslave you with its bewitching beauty. Twisting and
fast turning row boats provide an exciting river rafting experience but if
you are a trekker, the slopes and sliding rocks with virgin peaks seem
calling. So, now you would also agree that this place is worth making a
Eco-tourism in Sikkim
of Sikkim adores its scenic surrounds.
About 36% of total land area here is under luxuriant forests. Lush green
vegetation including: figs, laurel, sal trees and bamboos can be easily
found here. Oak, chestnut, maple, brich alder and magnolia are found in
abundance. Apart from these basic flora varieties here, there are other
flowers and plant life to lure all. Sikkim is world famous for its Orchids.
Cymbidiums, Cattlelyas, Dendrobiums, Hooheriana, F-ar Amoneum etc are some
of the variety of orchids found here.
Talking about fauna
, Sikkim should not be
undervalued for its small size for there are as many as 500 species of avi
fauna that are found here. 600Species of butterflies and a delightful
species of mammals define the plethora of animal life here. Emerald Dove,
woodpeckers, cuckoos, kingfishers, and the fairy blue bird are some of the
most attractive birds here. You would wonder but at such high altitudes and
in freezing cold, you would still find ducks and wild asses. To have an in
depth view of the animal life here, you can visit some of the wild life
Khangchendzonga National Park
Heaven of prized Musk deer, Snow Leopard and Shy Himalayan Thar,
Khangchendzonga National Park is the Biosphere reserve in Sikkim. An appex
amongst all high altidute National Parks of India, Khangchendzonga is
endowed with one of the most significant eco systems in the world. It
nestles a luxuriant flora and galaxy of magnificent fauna of rare varieties.
There are the primitive wilderness, natural lakes, tumbling tributary
streams, flowered fields and imposing canyon to enthrall you.
Fambong Lho Wildlife Sanctuary
At a distance of 20km from Gangtok, Fambong Lho Wildlife Sanctuary covers
an area of 5,200 hectares. The Sanctuary is the home of Himalayan Black
Bear, Red Panda, Civet cat and many varieties of birds and butterflies. The
Binturong or Bear-Cat (Arctictis binturong) is a rare civet reported from
here. Visit here to have in sight of vivacious wildlife of Sikkim.
Singba Rhododendron Sanctuary
Located near Yumthang in North Sikkim, Shingba Rhodendron Sanctuary is home
to some of the exquiste species of animals here. The beautiful and highly
endangered Spotted Linsang or Tiger-Civet (Prionodon pardicolor) has been
reported from here.The fauna here include species like: Serow, Goral, Blood
Pheasant, Common Hill, Partrige etc.
Trekking in Sikkim
The rugged terrain and twisted mountain ranges at Sikkim offer fascinating
trekking options to its visitors. Mid February-May and October-December are
considered as best time to trek in this part of India. Not only adventure,
the trekking expeditions here will provide a beautiful gompas, colorful
hamlets and bewitching alpine forests.Foreigners have to obtain permits for
trekking on most routes in Sikkim. Permits can be obtained from any of the
following places: Delhi, Kolkata, Siliguri. Permit restrictions mean that
trekkers can only follow well-beaten trails and within a limited period of
River Rafting in Sikkim
Sikkim is famous for its white water rafting adventure sport. For rafting
freaks, Sikkim can be an ultimate splendor. The icy cold waters smash to
rugged terrain, offering a great adventure experience. River banks have
adjoining deep forests
and interesting rapids to
attract river rafters. There slow as well as fast floats which add to the
enjoyment. Makhna-Sirwani-Bardang-Rangpo and Saikip-Jorethang-Majitar-Melli
are two famous rafting routes in Sikkim. May-November is the best time to
raft in crazy waters of Sikkim.
The closest Indian airport is at Bagdogra, 124 km
from Gangtok. Taxis for Gangtok (4 hours) are available at the airport.
Sikkim Tourism development Corporation also operates daily helicopter
flights from Bagdogra airport to Gangtok (20 minutes).
The closest railway stations are Siliguri and New
Jalpaiguri (121 km) which are connected to Kolkata,New delhi, Guwahati and
other major Indian cities.
Taxis and buses for Gangtok are available at