Origin of the Narmada River :
Amarkantak is the place from where the Narmada river originates. It rises
from the Maikal ranges at the height of 1057 meter above the sea level.
Amarkantak is located in the Shahdol district of Madhya Pradesh in India.
Narmada river mainly flows in the central India. The total length of the
Narmada river lies approximately 1,289 kms. The river flows from the
eastward direction to the westward into the Arabian sea. It merges into the
ocean at the point called 'Bharonch'. It is the largest west flowing river
Narmada is one of the sacred rivers of India. It is said that by taking a
bath in the holy Narmada river, man can be freed from all the sins of his
life. The water of Narmada river purifies a man and help him in attaining
salvation. Among the people in India, Narmada River is considered as the
mother and the giver of peace. The Narmada finds mention in ancient texts of
India as one of the seven most sacred rivers in India. The river is
considered as the Goddess and is worshiped in India. There are numerous
thirthas on the banks of the river, the most important among them are
Mahewswar and Omkareshwar tempes.
According to the legends, Narmada river came down from the sky as by the
order of the Lord Shiva. Some also says that the Narmada river also sprangs
from the body of the Lord Shiva, while performing the tandava (Lord Shiva's
cosmic dance). Narmada means 'Giving Pleasure'. In Sanskrit Narma means
'pleasure' and da refers to 'to give'. In some parts of India Narmada is
also known as Narbada.
The Narmada Valley Project :
After the commencement of the five year plan there has been demand to fully
utilize the water of Narmada. As the Narmada flows through the states of
Madhya Pradesh, Gujrat and Maharashtra has led to the dispute among these
concerned states. In order to solve the problem, the Government of India
constituted the Narmada Water Dispute Tribunal. The plan was meet the water
requirement of the people and industries as well as the regular supply to
them. Large population of India including the tribal population such as
, Kurkus are heavily dependent
on its water. According to the current plans, Narmada basin has 3200 dams.
Out of these 30 are the major dams, 135 are the medium one and rest are
small. The plan is to provide substantial amount of electricity and provide
water for irrigation of millions of acres of crop land.
Along the river :
The Narmada river has also supported large variety of people with
distinguish culture and traditions ranging from indigenous tribal people
inhabitating in the forest areas to the rural population. The banks of the
Narmada river are dotted with many temples. On the starting point of the
Narmada river lies a open pond known as the Narmadakund. The pond is
surrounded by many temples such as Shiva temple, Shri Ram Janki temple,
Annapurna temple, Durga temple, Vangeshwar Mahadev temple, Shiv Pariwar, Sri
Radha Krishna temple, Guru Gorakhnath temple, Kartikey temple and many more.
The river supports the great variety of aquatic life, which includes marsh
crocodile and masher fish. Apart from that large number of wild animals and
their natural habitats can also be spotted here such as
, gaur, sloth
buck, black bear, boar
, wild dog
and many more.