Places they inhabit :
Great Andamanese is the negrito tribe inhabitant in the the Andaman group
of Islands. They form the largest population among the other tribes found in
and Clothing :
Jeru, Khora and Andamani Hindi are some of the languages spoken by the
Great Andamanese. Great Andamanese men wear narrow belts or girdles of
hibiscus fiber. They tuck weapons into their belts when they go for
haunting. Men also wear traditional cincture decorated with shells. Great
Andamanese women wear branches of leaves cut into stripes and held by belts
made of pandanus leaves. Great Andamanese girl wear tail skirt. They also
love painting their bodies, which also protects them from the daily insects,
direct sunlight and cold temperature. They are fond of wearing human bones
around their neck and forehead.
Physical characteristics :
Great Andamanese are jet black in colour. They have broad face with the
heavy body. They smear their head with the clay. Great Andamanese also cut
their eyebrows. The women traditionally left only two narrow parallel bars
from forehead to neck where the hair was allowed to grow longer than 3 mm.
The men left a circular patch on top of the head, not more than 20 cm (8
inches)diameter, while shaving everything around the central patch.
Before the advent of the Britishers in India, their was the great
population of Great Andamanese in the Andaman islands. There were at least
ten sub groups of the Great Andamanese. They had their own language, culture
and traditions. But today most of their sub groups have extinct.
According to the census the population of Great Andamanese in the year 1789
was around 10,000. In the year their population decreased to 626. According
to the reports their population further decreased to 24 individuals in the
year 1971. But in 1999 their number increased to 41. The government is
taking huge steps for the survival of these tribal people.
Great Andamanese are foragers. They eat rice, wheat, dal, chapati etc. They
are also dependent on fish, dugong, turtle eggs, turtle, crabs, roots, seeds
and tubers. They love eating pork and Andaman water monitor lizard.
Great Andamanese have been haunters for many centuries. They hunt for food.
They are also seen cultivating vegetables for their livelihood. They have
also established poultry farms.