Places they inhabit :
Munda tribe mainly inhabit in the region of Jharkhand, Although they are
well spread in the states of West Bengal, Chhatisgarh, Orissa and Bihar.
Munda generally means headman of the village.
Language and Physical Characteristics :
Mundas speak Mundari language, which belongs to the family of Austro-
Asiatic. The complexion of Mundas is blackish. They have short curly hair.
With the passage of time some of the Mundas resembles same features as that
of the Bengali's. Common surnames used among the Mundas includes Topno,
Barla, Aind, Hemrom, Guria, Herenge, Surin, Horo, Sanga and Samad.
of Mundas :
Mundas are the tribal communities from the south east Asia. There are some
evidences of the Mundas kingdom in the Pre British times. For example the
Ho/Munda kingdom of Chota Nagpur, and the Bhumij states, especially
Christianity is the main religion followed among the Mundas. Apart from
that Mundas have their own religion known as Sarna. Sarna stress on the
belief of one God. Mundas believe in the supreme being known as the
Singbonga, which means the Sun God. According to the Mundas, he saves them
from the external enemies and troubles of life. They say Singbonga punishes
them if they break the law of marrying in their ones tribe. Mundas are of
the belief that Singbonga is not the jealous God and gives his people the
right to worship any celestial being. In Sarna the Mundas worship the
nature. The Mundas are highly superstitious people. The Sarna people do not
have any written code of moral laws. The ides of what is right and wrong is
the adopted from their traditions and cultures. Some of the Mundas also
worship Lord Shiva.
Occupation of the Mundas :
Mundas have remained haunters for centuries. But now they have been
converted into the settled agriculturist. Most of the then do not have land
of their own. They are largely dependent on the labour work in the fields to
earn their livelihood.
Food and Clothing of Mundas :
Mundas have been the animal eaters for the long time. They usually eat
frogs, snakes, rats, earthworms, shells and snails. They prefer having Tari
and Haria wine on the various occassions. As the Mundas are in close touch
with the Hindu society. Munda men usually wear pant and shirts. While the
Munda Women are seen wearing the cotton saris with the cholis or blouse.
Mage, Phagu, Karam, Sarhul, and Sohrai are the few festivals celebrated
among the Munda tribes.